What Is a Personal Injury Case?

“Personal injury” cases are legal disputes that arise when one person suffers harm from an accident or injury, and someone else might be legally responsible for that harm.  A personal injury case can become formalized through civil court proceedings that seek to find others legally at fault through a court judgment or, what is more common, such disputes may be resolved through informal settlement before any lawsuit is filed.

Formal Lawsuit: A formal personal injury case typically starts when a private individual (the “plaintiff”) files a civil “complaint” against another person, business, corporation, or government agency (the “defendant”), alleging that they acted carelessly or irresponsibly relating to an accident or injury that caused harm.

Informal Settlement: Most disputes over fault for an accident or injury are resolved through settlement among those personally involved, their insurers, and attorneys representing both sides.  A settlement commonly takes the form of negotiation, followed by a written agreement in which both sides forgo any further action and to resolve the matter through payment of an agreeable amount of money.

Sources:  https://injury.findlaw.com/accident-injury-law/personal-injury-law-the-basics.html

https://www.americanbar.org/groups/public_education/resources/law_issues_for_consumers/personalinjury.html

http://www.alllaw.com/articles/nolo/personal-injury/kinds-of-cases.html